Agents generally assist a museum in identifying a monetary insurance limit based on the area's disaster and emergency history, as well as the probable maximum loss PML that is large enough to cover the worst-case scenario. While PML is another ideal policy, many museums can only afford to assess the risk for the probable maximum loss of an individual gallery or storage area, as well as any functions that extend beyond the shipping dock and front doors i.
However, in the event an individual artifact is lost or damaged the previously appraised amount or the current market value will be considered during replacement or conservation. Realizing the unique specifications needed for an effective insurance plan, insurance companies such as the Insurance Services Office, Inc. Although many preventive measures are universal, certain measures can be performed by museum staff members to mitigate extreme damage to the collection, in both storage and exhibition areas.
Environmental monitoring occurs on a weekly or monthly routine depending on the exhibition schedule and environmental factors such as an influx of visitors in the summer heat.
The following are museum-specific environments that are controlled yet still vulnerable:. If possible, exhibition galleries, hallways, lobbies, and offices are functionally decorated with hinged-lid benches that contain an Evacu-Trac Emergency Evacuation Chair. In the event of an emergency, elevators are not safe and any disabled staff member or visitor will need to be able to evacuate down the stairs.
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Strategically placed near exits and spaced along the designated evacuation routes, the collapsible chair has a low handle height, is lightweight, and has a fail-safe brake so that anyone can assist this person. Preparedness for personnel includes providing museum staff with emergency training and predetermined designated responsibilities . Collections and exhibition personnel fully inventory all collections and upload it to the museum's Collections Management System.
Updates are generally made at least every 72 hours. Duplicate copies of the database reside off-site and in fire-proof cabinets in the Collections, Curation, and Administration departments.
John Handmer and Stephen Dovers (eds), Handbook of Disasters & Emergency Policies & Institutions
Cabinets are also equipped with Disaster Kits containing safety goggles, flashlights with batteries, nitrile, cotton and fireproof gloves, disposable respirator masks, a medical kit, disposable cameras, large and small tarps, heavy packing blankets, hurricane plastic, markers and paper, artifact identification tags, and emergency and insurance personnel information all of which are retrievable upon re-entry to minimize any rented or bought materials. In order to maintain a working knowledge of emergency planning and preparedness, a notebook and digital file containing the following are kept on- and off-site:.
In an attempt to maintain control of any emergency, the policies and procedures in the emergency plan outlines the individual, team, and contracted services chain of commands, documentation requirements, and salvage priorities. Policies and procedures form from analyzing and discussing the following elements of a potential emergency:.
Brookdale policy and procedures
Once a draft is completed, it is made available for the entire staff to comment on and provide input. To ensure continuous staff training, mock disasters and quizzes are routinely conducted. Recently, the Northeast Document Conservation Center and the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners developed on online template that allows museums to input data that results in a customized disaster response plan called dPlan. The initial hours and days after an emergency has occurred are the most critical for mitigating damage, and preventing any further damage from occurring during recovery efforts.
The welfare of staff and visitors is the primary concern during an emergency, and their safety must be ensured first and foremost. Immediate action is taken within the first 48 hours to stabilize the environment, assess the damage, and report conditions and recommendations. Staff must be notified of the emergency so that they may act in accordance with the museum's emergency preparedness plan , including consciously looking for hazards during an evacuation and notifying the appropriate museum associated and non-museum associated personnel.
It is important to initially contact the following before and after the re-entry and damage assessment to ensure necessary and cost effective assistance:.
To determine the level of damage, the staff teams are prepared to systematically assess collections and exhibitions damage and provide remedies that will reduce recovery time. Small museum personnel teams consist of various combinations of registrar museum , curators , conservators, and exhibition designers and art handlers. The teams are sorted by their involvement in either the type of collections on display or due to their participation on the initial exhibition team.
If this is not known at the moment, off-site back-up information might need to be consulted. Documentation will be taken by all teams to record the physical and intellectual damage to the collection and exhibitions before and after any moving or handling. Such documentation includes:.
Museum staff must cooperate with each other during the initial assessment of damages, which includes identifying any hazardous materials or circumstances, and proceeding with salvage priorities. All blog pieces are written in her personal capacity. Her research interests include renewable energy policies in developing countries, building resilience during humanitarian emergencies, and international and UK climate mitigation policy. Sarah currently lives and works in New Delhi, India. Click here to cancel reply. Explore the latest social science book reviews by academics and experts.
FAO'S Emergency Activities: Technical Handbook Series
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Improving Emergency Management and Climate Change Adaptation
It will be highly appreciated by policy makers and practitioners in rich and poor countries alike. Handmer and Dovers have provided new and perceptive insights which will have far-reaching influences on understanding and future directions. I wish this book had been available when I was head of Australia's federal emergency management agency. Covering the nature of emergency management and the complex institutional framework within which it operates, the authors' comprehensive treatment of the subject is learned, internationally relevant and, yes, passionate.
It takes a big-picture view, going beyond mere 'disaster events' to explore the links between emergency management and sustainability in the contexts of institutions and policy. All those who have leadership roles in the field should read it carefully: it will re-shape the way they approach their task.
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Introduction Part 1: Constructing the Problem 1. The Nature of Emergencies and Disasters 2. Owning the Problem: Politics, Participation and Communication 5. Framing the Problem: Identifying and Analysing Risk 6. Responding to the Problem: Policy Formulation and Implementation 7. Not Forgetting: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning 8.